ABACUS

ABACUS - A PERFECT TOOL FOR THE MIND!

Millions of children around the world are taking the abacus training today and here is why.

What is ABACUS?
An abacus is a counting device that uses beads on a table or string that represent numbers. The abacus was invented around 2,700-2,300 BCE, by the Sumerians (Mesopotamia); that makes the invention about 4,400 years old. Abacus was also known as the first computer. Abacus is one of those devices that are constantly taught to the children for centuries and it seems that its importance may never end in this ever-changing world. Abacus has got the place of great importance in the history of mathematics. One can easily say that the history of mathematics starts with the invention of abacus.


Why ABACUS?
A proven track record through history and recent neuro-scientific research has positively confirmed the effectiveness on the Abacus training.
Calculating on an ancient abacus that utilizes a hands-on, kid- friendly and multiple intelligence approach has proven benefits to enhance the development of human brain power. The mental Abacus method has a clear advantage to keep the mind vibrant and to ease the journey of learning with whole brain power. The reason being the simplicity of the device and its look that makes children feel it just like their toy and never let them feel bored while performing calculations on it. It is also very easy to learn and makes calculations easier for the juvenile to learn.

Benefits of ABACUS

  • Fosters one’s confidence in calculation
  • Develops mental calculation
  • Develops the right brain tremendously
  • Promotes intuitive capacity
  • Greatly enhances creativity
  • Improves memory capacity
  • Improves concentration

History of ABACUS

‘ABACUS’ is a Latin word that has its origins in the Greek words ‘Abax’ or ‘Abakon’ (meaning table or tablet) which originated from the Semitic word ‘abaq’ meaning sand.The Abacus is believed to have been derived from the counting boards used around 300 BC.The Abacus has been in use in China since 1200 AD and still used by shopkeepers and merchants in the countries like China, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Singapore, etc.The Abacus in various forms was used by different ancient civilizations. The Chinese abacus is one of the great inventions of China.

During the 17th century, Chinese abacus was introduced to Japan, Korea, Vietnam and Europe.This magical tool is termed as the mother of modern computers.An Abacus (plural Abaci) is a calculation tool, generally comprising of a wooden frame with beads mounted on wires.These can be conveniently slide on the wires of the wooded frame. It was primarily used centuries ago, long before the discovery and the consequent adoption of the written Arabic numeral system.Abacus is arguably the forefather of a modern day computer or it can be perceived as the first computer invented by the mankind.Every ancient civilization in the world was familiar if not expert when it came to the usage of the abacus.After nearly 2000 years of improvement, this calculation method has become the most popular, simplest and most accurate calculation method. Even as we advance into the technological age, the abacus still has an important role to play.Around the world abaci have been used in pre-school and elementary schools as an aid in teaching the numeral system and arithmetic.

Predecessors of abacus

Before the abacus was invented there are some counting devices that were used. The first counting device is the human hands which consist of ten fingers. As larger numbers were involved the ten fingers. Is not sufficient anymore to be used as a counting device. Man being resourceful used items like pebbles and twigs to help in counting larger numbers.The Salamis Tablet is the oldest counting tablet that has been found. It was discovered in 1846 B.C. on the island of Salamis. This was used by the Babylonians approximately in 300 B.C.

Abacus Structure

Abacus is simple tool.  It consists of a wooden frame.  The wooden frame is then divided into two parts with the help of horizontal rod.  This beam divides the frame into two parts and leaves it with two portions, the upper portion and the lower portion.

The Western Thinking

It is believed that the abacus formed its shape in the west, predominantly in the Roman Empire. Later it spread to the east and other parts of the world with the help of merchants traveling around the world. The roman way of abacus was catered for their number systems and their requirements of calculations like tax collection, engineering and astronomy. But when it moved to the other parts of the world it changed to suit the new inventors.For Mathematics, abacus is used as a tool to learn calculations. Beads are moved up and down and various columns to represent the number.

The Eastern Way

The Chinese abacus was developed about 5000 years ago. It was built out of wood and beads. It could be held and carried around easily. The abacus was so successful in the east that its use spread from China to many countries.The abacus does not actually do the computing, as today’s calculators do. It helps people keep track of numbers as they do the computing. If we go into the history, many abaci can be found which are made by many civilizations one after another. The first days of abacus include the wooden pile on which sand was spread and then counting was done on that with the help of a stick or finger. In some cases pebbles were used for counting. With the lapse of time it changed its phase and took the shape of modern day abacus. Abacus is the world’s first comprehensive calculator. An abacus, also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool used primarily by Asians for performing arithmetic processes.The abacus was in use centuries before the adoption of the written modern numeral system and is still widely used by merchants, traders and clerks in Asia, Japan, Africa, India and elsewhere.Abacus is a simple device that is used for calculating simple arithmetical questions. It is a device that is used for centuries by the human beings and has been in use by the human beings for about 4500 years.The user of an abacus is called an abacist and he or she slides the beads of the abacus by hand.>The use of the word abacus dates before 1387 AD, when a Middle English work borrowed the word from Latin to describe a sand board abacus.